Have you planned for outdoor trekking? Are you confused about the things that you need to carry for outdoor trekking? If yes, then you have reached the right place. Here, we will provide you details about must have things before going outdoor trekking.
A large number of people all around the world like to go for trekking. By doing trekking, you will learn a lot of things in life. But, before you start trekking, you should carry important things with you.
Without doing any kind of further discussion, let’s get started.
Must have things before going outdoor trekking
For navigation, there are three most important things, which include a map, compass, and a GPS device.
Map: A topographic map can help you to cross the path when you are lost in the forest.
Compass: A compass including map-reading knowledge is an important tool if you are lost in an unfamiliar country. However, most of the smartphones, GPS devices or watches consist of a compass, but it is best practice to carry a compass.
GPS device: GPS device helps you to find the exact location on a digital map.
Apart from this, you can also carry two other accessories listed below:
Altimeter watch: This is also worth to carry for your trip. It utilizes a barometric sensor to calculate the air pressure and GPS data to offer a close estimation of your elevation.
Personal locator beacon (PLB) or satellite messenger: This instrument can help you to alert emergency personnel in case of emergency if you have reached an unknown country. When enabled in an emergency, it will find your location and send it to the government or commercial satellites.
A big and quality backpack is must if you are going on a trip for 3 or more days. Apart from this, if you possess a good backpack, then it will not be affected by the weather.
The best practice is to carry a backpack which can store all of your important things such as clothes, tools, gadgets, etc.
3. Rain Gear
Depending on the weather, you should always carry a rain gear. The best practice is to carry a rubberized or PVC type rain gear which protects from extreme situations also. There are some ‘breathable’ rain gears which are lightweight and works well when you dry it out regularly, however, most of these are not waterproof.
4. First Aid Kit
Everyone has different medical needs, but a basic kit should possess treatment for blister, adhesive bandages of various sizes, some gauze types, adhesive tape, disinfecting ointment, over-the-counter pain medication, pen, and paper.
There are a wide number of pre-assembled kits available in the market, you can purchase any one of them and later modify it as per your needs.
If you like hunting, then you should have a proper knowledge of field dressing. In order to enhance the life of an animal, you have to preserve it.
After catching an animal, it instantly starts attracting bacteria, to avoid this, you should have a proper knowledge of field dressing.
Field dressing mainly includes removal of all the internal organs and entrails so that meat doesn’t attract bacteria. Later, keep it in freeze at 40 degrees. Ka-Bar Becker BK2 is one of the best field dressing knives available in the market.
Knives can also be useful for various other purposes such as cut strips of cloths into bandages, remove splinters, open cans, repair busted gear, cut rope, etc.
6. Nutrition & Hydration
Don’t just depend on eating food before and after hiking or trekking. Approximately, hiking burns around 500 calories per hour. Also, you want to enjoy the process and don’t get tired in between and leave the journey. For instant energy, you can also take extra energy bars or high-protein snacks like nuts or beef jerky. Dried foods are also a great source of energy. Apart from this, you should always carry food of one day more which can be useful in case of emergency.
Hydration is one of the most essential requirement. A normal day consumes around 2-3 liters of water. But, if there is more heat, then you will require a minimum of 1 liter more water. You can also carry filter/purifier for treatment of water.
7. Emergency Shelter
Always carry an emergency shelter which will protect from rain and wind if you are injured during trekking. Some of the essential items include emergency space blanket, tarp, or an extra-large trash bag.
8. Fire, Light & Whistle: Fire can be useful in case of emergency. Also, fire and a hot drink can prevent from hypothermia. Fire is also a signal that you are lost. A whistle can also be useful if you are lost. To assist for help burst whistle 3 times. Lastly, if you don’t have fire or whistle, you can take help of headlight to check on a map where you are going.
9. Extra Clothes
Depending on the weather conditions, you should carry extra clothes. Conditions such as extreme rain or snow can result in staying for one more day at the place. Another thing is, an injury can also force you to stay one day more at the place.
If you have any question, what you bring, then think of the things you will require for survival for one more day. Some of the common clothes include balaclava, extra socks, extra gloves, synthetic vest or jacket.
10. Sunscreen and Sunglass
Spending more time outdoors means more exposure to ultraviolet rays, which can cause premature skin aging and skin cancer. Apply sunscreen can limit exposure of sunrays. It is essential to apply sunscreen having SPF 15, however, SPF30 is recommended for spending more time outdoors.
If you are going to spend 4-6 hours in the heat, then you will need sunglasses to protect your eyes from ultraviolet rays/. It is very much important to protect yourself from UVB rays, otherwise, they will burn your skin and can also cause cataracts. The best practice is to carry one extra of sunglasses which can be useful to anyone who forgot to bring or lose one.
We hope that you find our list of must-have things before going outdoor trekking. Please don’t forget to carry any of the things listed above.